Artificial Intelligence / Internet of Things

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Contents

History of AI & IoT

Artificial Intelligence

Alan Turing with the Enigma Machine
The beginning of the discussion around AI can be noted in 1308. Ramon Llull, a Catalan poet and theologian, published Ars generalis ultima (meaning "The Ultimate General Art"), where he commented how he wanted to perfect his method of "using paper-based mechanical means to create new knowledge from combinations of concepts"[1]. Fast forward to 1950, and Alan Turing argued that the question "Can a machine think?" should be replaced with the question "Can a machine be linguistically indistinguishable from a human?" [2]. Turing then conducted the "Turing Test" (TT) or "The Imitation Game," where a woman and a computer were put through a test to see if the judge could distinguish between the two players [3].
Watson on Jeopardy
The field of AI officially started in 1956 where John McCarthy joined the term "artificial intelligence" at a conference at Dartmouth College, New Hampshire [4]. In 1986, Mercedes-Benz showcased the first driverless car: A van equipped with cameras and sensors that could drive up to 55 mph on empty streets [5]. IBM's Deep Blue defeated Russian chess grandmaster Garry Kasparov in 1997 and highlighted the intelligence of these machines. In 2011, Watson, the question-answering system, won the quiz show "Jeopardy!" by beating reigning champions Brad Rutter and Ken Jennings [6].


Internet of Things

What is AI and IoT?

Artificial Intelligence

Internet of Things

Components of an IoT Device

Artificial Intelligence of Things

Concepts of AI

Four Types of AI

Machine Learning vs. Deep Learning

Machine Learning

Types of Machine Learning

Deep Learning

Types of Deep Learning

Applications of Machine Learning and Deep Learning

Image Recognition

Example: Google's FaceNet

Product Recommendation

Example: Spotify

Real World Applications of AI & IoT

End-User Experience

Retail: Brick-and-Mortar

E-Commerce

Banking and Finance

Education

Healthcare

Bioscience: Pharmaceuticals

Clinical Trials

Diagnosis, Treatment, and Outcome Prediction

Diagnosis

Treatment

Outcome Prediction

Telehealth

Benefits of Telemedicine

Lifestyle Products

Smart Homes: Gartner's Hype Cycle

Smart Home Devices of the Future

Future Implications of Smart Home Ecosystems

The Connected Car

Workplace Safety

Workplace Safety: Applications

Challenges and Risks

Cybersecurity Risk

Privacy Risk

Example of a Privacy Risk: Amazon Ring Doorbell - A Mass Surveillance System

IoT Interoperability Challenges

Ethical Concerns with AI

Example of Ethical Concern: Amazon

Future Considerations

Augmented Intelligence vs. Artificial Intelligence

IoT Platforms

Impact of AI & IoT on Job Opportunities

Our Thoughts

What the Future Looks like

Future Scenario

An Illusion of Choice

Authors

Sarah Lee Taylor Lee Erica Yu Heidi Wang Marcus Fujiwara Muzzain Wassaf
Beedie School of Business
Simon Fraser University
Burnaby, BC, Canada
Beedie School of Business
Simon Fraser University
Burnaby, BC, Canada
Beedie School of Business
Simon Fraser University
Burnaby, BC, Canada
Beedie School of Business
Simon Fraser University
Burnaby, BC, Canada
Beedie School of Business
Simon Fraser University
Burnaby, BC, Canada

References

  1. https://www.forbes.com/sites/gilpress/2020/02/26/12-artificial-intelligence-ai-milestones-2-ramon-llull-and-his-thinking-machine/?sh=62824510251b
  2. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/artificial-intelligence/
  3. chrome-extension://efaidnbmnnnibpcajpcglclefindmkaj/viewer.html? pdfurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.csee.umbc.edu%2Fcourses%2F471%2Fpapers%2Fturing.pdf&clen=91972&chunk=true
  4. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/artificial-intelligence/#HistAI
  5. https://www.politico.eu/article/delf-driving-car-born-1986-ernst-dickmanns-mercedes/
  6. https://www.livescience.com/49007-history-of-artificial-intelligence.html
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